Resources and Collection
Handball was first played in the late 19th century in Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, and the International Handball Federation listed about 795,000 teams and 19 million players in 2009. Two referees are required for each handball match, which equates to a huge network of handball officials – one that can be tapped into with this collection.
Handball is a team sport involving two teams of seven players each. Players use their hands to pass a ball with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team in a match of two 30-minute periods. Only the defending goalkeeper is allowed in the six-meter zone surrounding the goal; goals must be scored by throwing the ball from outside the zone or while “jumping” into it. Handball is usually played indoors but outdoor variants exist such as field handball, Czech handball and beach handball.
Referees have to be quick and accurate for the fast and high-scoring game of handball. Professional teams typically score between 20 and 35 goals each. The referees align themselves diagonally, with the team players confined between them, so each can observe one sideline. One is the field referee and the other is the goal referee, depending on their positions. These positions automatically switch over on ball turnover. The referees physically exchange their positions approximately every 10 minutes (long exchange) and change sides every five minutes (short exchange).
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The International Handball Federation defines 18 hand signals for quick visual communication with players and officials. The referees also use whistle blows to indicate infractions or to restart the play.
Indoor handball began to flourish and evolve in Scandinavian countries after men’s field handball was played at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. The sport re-emerged with the inclusion of team handball in the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich and women’s team handball was added to the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. Tight teamwork from the Norwegian handball referee team of Guro Roen and Kjersti Arnsten has earned them a spot at the 2017 Rio Olympics.
This Collection is the place for all kinds of handball resources for referees across the world. Browse the 100s of links to find information on rules and regulations, your favourite referee, competitions, courses, training and publications about this exciting and growing sport. Post and view photos and videos of referee milestones and showcase your club or association. And don’t forget to ‘post’ and ‘share’ your favourite posts.
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Handball Referee Links:
The Rules of Handball Explained by Ninh Ly
Handball Rules Links
Handball Rules – International Handball Rules – IHF English
Handball Rules – Co-ed European Handball Rules – English pdf – U of Toronto
Handball Rules – European Handball Rules – English pdf – Dalhousie Campus Rec
Handball Rules – IHF Handball Rules for Beginners – English pdf – IHF
Handball Rules – IHF Handball Rules – English pdf – IHF
Handball Rules – IHF Handball Rules – French pdf – IHF
Handball Rules – Olympic Handball Rules – NBC Olympics
Handball Rules – Special Olympics Handball Rules – English pdf – Special Olympics
Handball Rules – Street Handball Rules – 12 Languages
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Handball Referee Hand Signals
Handball Signals – EHF Rules Handbook – English pdf – Great graphics!
More Handball Referee Links
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Handball Referee Collection by @Officials101T
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